Col. William Andrew Irvine

obituary from Ft. Scott Monitor Nov 1898

He was an officer in the Confederate Army  - He died in Ennis, Texas

A telegram was received yesterday morning by Mrs. L B Long from her mother announcing the death of  W.A. Irvine, at Ennis Texas .  The sad news was not unexpected.  Irvine was stricken with paralysis last Tuesday while on his way to Port Arthur .  His wife was notified that his condition was very serious and she at once went to Ennis to care for him and was by his side at the end.  It was thought at first that there might be a rally, possibly a recovery, but all hope were disappointed and after regaining consciousness for a short time he passed away. Mrs. Irvine will bring the remains of her husband to FortScott and the interment will be in Evergreen cemetery.  The hour for the funeral will be determined by the time of arrival.  The services at the house will be conducted by Rev. Milton of the First Christian church, after which Myrtle Lodge No. 17, Knights of Pythias will take charge of the body and conduct the burial ceremonies, in accordance with the ritual of their order.

The deceased was born at Irvine, in Madison County, Kentucky, May 5th 1843 and he was fifty-five years old.  When a mere boy he enlisted to the Confederate army and during the civil war was an officer in Morgan’s cavalry, rising to the command of a regiment as a reward for valor in battle.  After the war was over, Irvine married and came west.  He was one of the pioneer settlers of Pawnee County, Kansas and was interested in the founding of Larned and Pawnee Rock.  He afterwards removed to Eureka Springs , Arkansas, where he engaged in business for some years.  Later he lived in Florida , but finally returned to Kansas and has made his home in Fort Scott for about fourteen years.

During nearly all the time he resided in this city he was in the employment of the New York Life Insurance company as a solicitor.  For the past three years he has been in Texas writing insurance for his company.  He had decided to give up his work in Northern Texas and was on his way to Port Arthur when stricken with paralysis at Ennis where he was well known and greatly esteemed.  He received every possible care from his friends and from the order of Knights of Pythias of which order he had been a member of for more than twenty years and his last hours were brightened by the presence of his tenderly loved wife.

Irvine was a man of generous noble character, greatly liked by all who knew him.  In his youth he was a brave soldier and throughout his life a devoted husband, a loving father and a faithful friend.  He leaves a wife, one son W.E. Irvine employed at Greene’s shoe store, and four daughters.  The eldest daughter, Mrs. L.B. Long has been here for many years in the service of Davis & Co, the second Miss Mattie Irvine is a stenographer employed by the Long Bell Lumber Company of Kansas City , Mo.   The third, Miss Emma Irvine is now teaching music at Kiowa Kansas, the fourth, Miss Kittie a child of twelve is still in school.

Irvine was a member of the order of Knights of Pythias of the Uniform Rank, K of P of the Rathsom Sisters, and of the endowment Rank.  He was devotedly attached to the Pythias order.  His remains will be buried by the Mystic Lodge No. 17 in accordance with his well know wishes and the desires of his wife.


I found a David (60), Sarah (60), Elizabeth (26), Miranda (23), William (7)David (8), Thomas (6), and James (5) Irvine on the Madison County census during 1850.

Andy's  wife -Anna T. Elliott

Sandford and Martha (Crossthwait) Elliott married on May 30th, 1841 in Callaway County Missouri.  I have found an Anna Taylor Elliott born in 1849 with them in Estill County Kentucky at age 1 with her sister Mary P. and brother Levi P. on the 1850 census.  I later found a Jo Elen born in 1853 to Sandford and Martha.  

Sandford died on October 25th in 1858 when Anna was just 9 years old and Martha remarried Harrison Blackwell the next year in April.  He was 14 years her junior.  I found Harrison (21) Martha (35) Levi (13), Anna(11) and Emma (9) on the same census page in 1860 as David (71) and Elizabeth (37) Irvine (Anna’s future husband’s family).  

In the neighboring Garrard County I found Elliotts and Irvine ’s right next to each other on the1850 census page.  Were these cousins?  Is this how she and Andy met?  Was she a pigtailed tomboy who chased after Andy while he and her cousins played?  They were just 6 year apart in age.  Did she follow them to school?  Was he her protector or was he annoyed by her?  Did she have a crush on him early on???



Private Andrew Irvin - Captured at Garmettsville, Kentucky July 8, 1863; Parolled; Captured  Risacca, Georgia May 18, 1864; Oath of Alligence January 11, 1865  

According to Andy’s obituary he joined the service very young … at the beginning of the war in 1861 he was 17-18.  I found both a Private Andy and Thomas Irvin who enlisted on 7/25/1862 at Livingston, TN as Privates in "K" Company, Kentucky’s 2nd Cavalry under Duke who road with Morgan’s men, who later served under Capt Quirk who scouted for Morgan.  During the Indiana-Ohio Raid (dubbed The Longest Raid) they were captured and imprisoned on August 20th, 1863.  He was sent to Camp Morton in Indiana.

Winter once again brought an increase in the number of deaths at the camp. Between December 1864 and March 1865, 373 prisoners died and almost 1,200 were hospitalized.

The release of prisoners who took the oath of allegiance continued and in February 1865 the exchanges resumed.  Andy signed the oath of allegiance and was released January 11th 1865.

W.A. and Thomas Irvine both were married

 on Jan 6th, 1868  -

Was Andy paroled as a "Galvanized" Union soldier to go fight the Indians or did he return at once to the family farm … was there a farm to return home to?  Had his Father and brothers gone off to war … or returned?  Anna by this time was sweet 16.  Did he find and approach her rag tailed and starved.  Did he find her working in soiled clothes hoeing the garden, or did they meet at her cotillion where she was dressed in a corseted low neck gown where she took his breath away?

All of this I am just surmising, but I do know they married 3 years after his release in Madison County on Jan 6th in 1868.  Their first baby girl Eunice (Nonnie) T. (Taylor??) was born that same year.  From there they moved to Kansas where according to Anna’s obituary she was one of the first white women in Pawnee Rock, although I haven’t confirmed that yet.  I also found that a railroad in Pawnee Rock was named The Anna ??

They lived in Fort Scott where their other children Mattie born in 1872, Mary Emma in 1875, Annie in 76, William in 79, Kittie in 1886 and Joe Shelby in 89.  Andy died in 1898 while in Ennis Tx .  Anna was at his bedside and accompanied his body back to Kansas where he is buried in Evergreen Cemetery at Ft. Scott .

Anna's middle name of Taylor I had always assume was a family name. I did  find where her mothers family name of Crosthwaites were living right next door in 1860 to the Taylors in Adams County, and may be related.  So I am still on the hunt …

Company B
11th Kentucky "Chenault's" Cavalry, CSA

Company B was recruited from Madison County . "There are two known rolls of this company, covering the period from Sept. 10th, 1862 to April 30, 1863".
The names below are arranged as they were printed in the original article, dated April 21, 1907, by Anderson Chenault Quisenberry. They are in "semi-alphabetical order", so a few names may fall outside of strict sequence.
Thanks to Tom Milton for supplying POW records

2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's)

2nd (Morgan's) Cavalry Regiment was organized during the summer of 1862 using Morgan's Kentucky Cavalry Squadron as its nucleus. The unit contained men from Kentucky , Texas , Mississippi , and Alabama . It served in Morgan's Brigade and was active in Tennessee, Kentucky , and Ohio . Many were captured in the conflict at Buffington Island on July 19 and the remaining part at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized. Its field officers were Colonels Basil W. Duke and John H. Morgan, Lieutenant Colonels James W. Bowles and John B. Hutcheson, and Majors G.W. Morgan and T.B. Webber.

Reunion of Morgan's Kentucky Confederate Cavalry
Ashland Woods; Lexington Ky 1867

National Archives and Records Administration

700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington , DC 20408-0001



Galvanized Yankees were Confederate prisoners of war who secured their release from prison by

enlisting in the Union Army. These former Confederate soldiers were organized into six regiments

of U. S. Volunteers. The 1st U. S. Volunteer Infantry was enrolled into service between January and

April 1864. The 2nd through 6th U. S. Volunteer Regiments were organized between September 1864

and May 1865. The majority of prisoners who enlisted came from Rock Island , Alton , Camp

Douglas, and Camp Morton prisons in Illinois; Columbus , Ohio ; and Point Lookout in Maryland .

Because Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and others felt that ex-Confederates should not have to fight against

their former comrades, the Galvanized Yankee regiments were sent west for Frontier duty. Manning

posts from Minnesota to the Utah Territory , they quelled Indian uprisings, protected settlers, restored

stage and mail service, guarded survey parties for the Union Pacific Railroad, provided escort service

for supply trains, and rebuilt telegraph lines. The Galvanized Yankees were mustered out of service

in November 1866.


___M598, Selected Records of the War Department Relating to Confederate Prisoners of War,

1861-1865. 145 rolls. DP.

This publication reproduces 427 bound volumes of records relating to Confederate prisoners of war

confined in Federal camps and prisons from 1861-65. See the following rolls for the specific prisons

where Galvanized Yankees were recruited: Alton , Illinois (Rolls 13-20); Camp Douglas, Illinois

(Rolls 53-64); Camp Morton , Indiana (Rolls 99-103); Point Lookout , Maryland (Rolls 111-129); and

Rock Island , Illinois (Rolls 131-135.)


___M1017, Compiled Service Records of Former Confederate Soldiers Who Served in the 1st

Through 6th U. S. Volunteer Infantry Regiments. 65 rolls. DP.

Arranged numerically by regiment, and thereunder alphabetically by soldier’s last name. The

compiled service records provide the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Additional information that may

appear includes the soldier’s Confederate rank and unit, place and date of capture, when and where

he was mustered into Union service, and sometimes the date of release from prison, the date he took

the oath of allegiance, date and place of birth, and physical description. For an index to these

Compiled Service Records see M1290 Rolls 23-26.

___M594, Compiled Records Showing Service of Military Units in Volunteer Union

Organizations. 225 rolls. DP.

This series provides historical data for military units in Volunteer Union service. Records are

arranged alphabetically by State or Territory, followed by units with interstate/territorial

composition. There under, they are organized by type of unit (cavalry, artillery, or infantry), followed

by militia, reserve, sharpshooters, and other organizations. The records contain card abstracts with

information relating to the stations, movements, or activities of each unit, and sometimes their

organization, strength and losses, and disbandment. Roll #219 contains information for the 1st

through 6th U. S. Volunteer Regiments.

NARA ’s web site is



___M617, Returns from U. S. Military Posts, 1800-1916. 1,550 rolls. DP.

Arranged alphabetically by post and thereunder chronologically. This publication offers a useful

supplement to M594 in respect to posts where Galvanized Yankees were stationed. Post returns

identify the units stationed at a particular post and their strength. They provide the names and duties

of officers, the number of officers present and absent, and a record of events.


___M233, Registers of Enlistments in the U. S. Army, 1789-1914. 81 rolls.

Arranged chronologically and thereunder alphabetically by surname. This series includes former

Confederate soldiers who enlisted in Regular Army units during the Civil War. Entries show when

and where a soldier enlisted, his period of enlistment, place of birth, age at time of enlistment,

civilian occupation, physical description, and the unit to which he was assigned. See rolls 27-28

(1859-63) and 29-30 (1864-65) for enlistments during the war years. Former Confederates were not

separated from other enlistments, so it will be necessary for researchers to know the name of the

soldier to search the rolls.


___M253, Consolidated Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers. 536 rolls. DP.

Arranged alphabetically by soldier’s last name. It contains a master index of all names of

Confederate soldiers found in the records used to compile the service records. There are also

separate indexes for each state or territory that supplied Confederate troops. All compiled military

service records for Confederate soldiers are available on microfilm.

Note regarding pensions: Most former Confederate soldiers generally did not qualify for pensions

from the Federal government. However, some Galvanized Yankees are known to have received

them. Anyone wishing to research Civil War pensions should consult the NARA Reference Report

entitled "Microfilm Publications Relating to Pensions for Soldiers Who Served During the Civil

War, 1861-1865". In addition, some southern states issued pensions for Confederate service. The

appropriate state archives or historical agencies should be contacted for further information.  

Irvin, Andrew



2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's)


Irvin, Thomas



2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's)


Irvine, J.T.



2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's)





Indianapolis Civil War Round Table Newsletter

A civil war is a complex and heart rending event. It involves deeply held beliefs

as well as conflict within every participant. For the men of the South, this was no less

true than in any other conflict. But, once captured and incarcerated in the northern prison

camps under very trying conditions, some men found their allegiance to the South

tempered by their desire to survive the squalor around them. When the opportunity to

leave the camps in exchange for their oath of allegiance to their former foe was offered,

many found a way to justify their decision to re-join the Union . Some did it because of

their lukewarm attachment to the Confederacy, some did so because they liked army life,

others joined for a chance to start over. Whatever their reasons, these are the men who

became the “Galvanized Yankees.”

Six regiments of these former Confederate soldiers were raised by the United

States Army.

From Hattie Winslow and Joseph Moore’s Camp Morton 1861 – 1865: Indianapolis

Prison Camp:

“During February and March six hundred Confederates were released in addition to the

number who were sent for exchange. Some of them belonged to the large number of

prisoners who had refused parole at Vicksburg in 1863, and whose release on taking the

oath of allegiance had been ordered some months before. The rest – enough to make up

two companies – enlisted in the Union Army and were transferred to duty at Camp

Douglas, Chicago.”

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