Emigration: Sept. 29, 1733 arrival of the ship Pink Mary, of Dublin, from Rotterdam to Philadelphia. Captain James Benn was the master of the Pink Mary and she carried a total of one hundred and seventy persons of whom represented thirty-four Palatine families.
Mary is the name of the ship, Pink is the type-a vessel with a high narrow stern. The Pink Mary had stopped at Plymouth, England where they took on additional provisions before making the voyage across the North Atlantic, eventually heading up the Delaware Bay for the Port of Philadelphia. On board the Pink Mary were 171 passengers; 55 men, 37 women, and 79 children, or persons under 16 years of age.
Those on board the Pink Mary were described as Palatines, German-speaking people generally from the Pfalz province of the Rhineland. Many left there homeland to escape political oppression or religious prosecution, but some though recruiters who received a bounty for each family they convinced to emigrate to the colonies, in this case, Pennsylvania.
The following research and compilation is by Mark Davies
There were many religious disturbances in this region (Pfalz province of the Rhineland) at the time, with the French and German fighting for control, and more than anything, the Catholics and the Protestants. The ruler of the region was Catholic, but most of the people were Protestant. Things got so bad that, starting about 1700, thousands of Protestants (called Palatines, from that region of Germany) left their homeland in search of peace and a new start in America, mainly in Pennsylvania.
By the 1720s, there had already been so many Germans emigrate to Pennsylvania that there began to be backlash from others. But in the 1720s most of the immigrants were still fairly well off economically. But by the 1730s, the poorer classes, who hadn’t been able to afford the passage before, started coming in greater numbers. Starting in 1728, a system of indenture started, in which the children were promised to the captain of the vessel for a period of five to ten years, until they were about 21. It was only in this way that this poorer class of Germans could afford to come to America.
In 1733, there were on the average of six or seven vessels loaded with Palatinate immigrants coming into Philadelphia every year. Some came down the Rhine to the city of Rotterdam. From there they boarded the vessel “Pink Mary”, which carried more than 170 people, belonging to over 30 families. The ship stopped in Plymouth along the way (it was an English ship) and then arrived in Philadelphia in September of 1733. By the end of the month the mother and older children had signed an oath of citizenship and were settled in Philadelphia, ready to begin a new life, far from the religious persecution on their old country.
[REF: The Pennsyvlania Archives 2:17] List of foreigners imported in the ship Pink Mary, of Dublin, James Benn, Master, from Rotterdam. Qualified Sept 29, 1733.
BERKEL, Hans Jacob
BILLING, Johann Arnold
BRAUN, Johan Martin
DILL, Johan Michael
DRIES, Johann Adam
GOTTEL, Johan Jacob
GOTTEL, Johan Peter
HAMMER, Hans Michael
HARLACHER, Hans Georg
KELLER, Hans Michael
KOHLER, Geo. Friederich
NOLL, Johan Michael
PFAFFENBERGER, Georg Jr.
from Find a Grave – http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=ram&GSiman=1&GScid=2305235&GRid=32950662&
Death abt 1770 in Tryon, NY Aged 67 Yrs.
Imported on the ship “Pink Mary” of Dublin, James Benn, Master from Rotterdam. Qualified Sept. 29, 1733. From the book: Names of Foreigners who took the OATH OF ALLEGIANCE to the PROVINCE AND STATE of PENNSYLVANIA 1727-1775 With Foreign Arrivals, 1786-1808 edited by William Henry Egle, M.D. Harrisburg: Edwin K Meyers, State Printer 1892.//This grave is the oldest in Old Union Cemetery (aka St. Pauls Reformed) in Trauger per Rev. Ackerrman
Wife: Maria Catherine
Son: John Henry b. 1740 in Hunterton, NJ. d. 10-25-1828